SITCAP Chapter 5
Structured Sensory Intervention for Traumatized Children, Adolescents & Parents (SITCAP)
Eight to Ten Sessions
Structured Sensory Intervention for Traumatized Children, Adolescents and Parents is an eight to ten session intervention. The attention of pre-school aged children varies from fifteen to twenty-five minutes. It therefore takes ten sessions to cover the major themes of trauma for that age group. Children, adolescents and adult/parent intervention involves eight structured sessions which address the major themes of trauma in a sequential manner. Activities vary to some degree with different age levels, but the primary intervention processes and focus on major trauma sensations and themes are used with all age levels.
Participants in SITCAP may not need all eight sessions as levels of severity and reactions will vary. Some participants may need additional intervention. SITCAP lends itself to identifying those reactions (themes) that may need addi- tional attention. Additional intervention, if needed, can therefore be very focused and specific to the client’s needs. Overall reactions, for example, may see a reduction but safety remains a primary worry. Additional intervention would then concentrate on safety issues. Some individuals may also see major reductions in all three DSM-IV subcategories, yet need “first aid” following additional exposure or when entering different developmental periods.
The goals of SITCAP are:
- Stabilization (return to previous level of functioning or prevention of further dysfunction).
- Identification of PTSD reactions;
- The opportunity to revisit the trauma in the supportive, reassuring presence of an adult (professional) who understands the value of providing this opportunity.
- An opportunity to find relief from trauma-induced terror, worry, hurt, anger, revenge, accountability, powerlessness, and the need for safety;
- An opportunity to re-establish a positive “connectiveness” to the adult world;
- Normalization of current and future reactions;
- Support of the heroic efforts to become a survivor rather than a victim of their experience;
- When appropriate, assistance for parents in resolving those reactions triggered by their child’s traumatization;
- Replacement of the traumatic sensory experience with positive sensory experiences;
- Identificationofadditionalneedsandrecognitionoftheroleparentscantake to help meet those needs;
- The provisioning of parents with ways to respond to their traumatized child’s reactions.